Publishing Ethics and Guidelines


Authors’ Responsibilities
Authors submit works that are completely their original work and cannot submit work that has been considered for publication elsewhere. Authors observe the article submitting guidelines that are available on the journal’s homepage. Authors are obliged to make sure that their text is accurately proofread prior to submission.  Authors are obliged to provide references to all of the sources used in the article. Authors should provide all sources of data used in the research. Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical and it is unacceptable. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the elaboration of the article. Authors should provide revised version of their article according to the Reviewers’ recommendations. Corrected page proofs must be returned within two weeks.

Reviewer’s Responsibilities
All submissions are double-blind peer reviewed. Any manuscript received for reviewing must be treated as confidential document. Reviews should be conducted objectively. The Reviewer determines whether references for all of the used sources have been provided in the article. If the Reviewer is not sure of his/her competence in reviewing articles, he/she informs the Editor so that another Reviewer can be appointed. Reviewer assists the Editor-in-Chief – Reviewers must report to the Editor-in-Chief on any substantial similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. 

Editor’s Responsibilities
The Editorial Board comprises recognized experts in the field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published based on the conclusion made by Reviewers Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents (they must not be shown to or discussed with others except as Authorized by the Editor). The Editor-in-Chief should publish only peer reviewed accepted articles – the Editor ensures that articles are reviewed anonymously and objectively, and that the decision to publish an article is made solely on the basis of the article’s content. If peer review comprises two diametrically opposite views, the Editor-in-Chief involves another Reviewer.

Peer-review Process
All submissions in Linguistica Lettica are thoroughly peer reviewed.
Authors submit their papers to Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia via e-mail Articles are then directed to the Editor-in-Chief who make a preliminary assessment of whether the paper is suitable for the journal and is relevant to the journal’s policy for publishing such papers. If the manuscript does not fulfil criteria or guidelines of Linguistica Lettica, it is rejected immediately. If the manuscript is acceptable, the Editor-in-Chief will send it out for the review to a minimum two Reviewers. Peer review is by invitation only and Reviewers must be the experts in their field who are qualified to provide an informed and impartial review of the field of an article (Reviewer should be published at least three publications in the field). Reviewers review the manuscript by filling the review form of Linguistica Lettica. Based on this review, the Editor-in-Chief decides whether to accept the manuscript without further revisions, request further revision, or reject the article. If the decision is for further revision, the Author will be given sufficient time to review comments and revise their manuscript. The revised manuscript will be re-evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief who will make the final decision.

Publishing Ethics
The technical and scientific quality of submitted manuscript is first assessed by the editor-in-chief and editors’ assistant. All submitted papers are subject to strict blind peer review process by at least two national and international Reviewers. The Editor, Authors, and Reviewers of the journal Linguistica Lettica have to follow the standards ensuring compliance with publishing ethics – the responsibility of the journal’s Editorial board is to prevent violations of publishing ethics. The Editors screen all papers for plagiarism. It is important to avoid data fabrication (researcher did not actually do the study, but made up data) and data falsification (researcher did the experiment but then changed some of the data), plagiarism (copying ideas or text without proper citation), multiple submissions (submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal), redundant publications (publishing very similar manuscripts based on the same experiment).
The rejected articles are not being resent for reviewing. The guidelines for the Editor, Authors and Reviewers of the journal are based on COPE’s Code of Conduct for Journal Editors.

Copyright and Access
The copyright and intellectual property on the original content of all scientific publications in Linguistica Lettica remain with the Authors, but Linguistica Lettica has a license to publish and distribute the work in paper form and annotations in open access. The Authors, through granting the Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia the right to publish the work, accept the terms and conditions which allows the Institute to reproduce, distribute, publicly perform, create adaptations, if stated by the Author. If the Authors intend to reproduce their article in other publications or for any other purpose and by any means, they must obtain the written Authorization of the Editorial board.
All articles of Linguistica Lettica are made freely and permanently accessible in printed copies (contents and abstracts of the articles are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication in the journal website). Full text of the articles can be obtained on request by e-mail (

Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia has an archiving agreement with the University of Latvia for long-time preservation of the electronic content of Linguistica Lettica. Copies of every volume of Linguistica Lettica are sent to the Authors, National Library of Latvia, Library of the University of Latvia.

Ownership and Management
Linguistica Lettica is owned, published, and managed by the Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia since 1997.

The Web Site
Web site of Linguistica Lettica is made as a part of the webpage of the Latvian Language Institute of the University of Latvia.

Publishing schedule
Linguistica Lettica is published annually (at the end of current year).

Name of journal
The journal name Linguistica Lettica in Latin (Linguistics of Latvian) is unique and shows the main scope of the journal’s content. 



1.1 Language
Papers are published in Latvian, Lithuanian, English, German, and Russian (English is the recommended foreign language). If the paper is not in English, its title and summary must be in English. Any paper in a foreign language needs a title and a summary both in English and in Latvian.
A paper’s title and references written in Cyrillic must be transliterated. Authors may use the official guidelines for transliteration available online. Authors can also use online language tools, for instance, Transliteration and Lexilogos.

1.2 Submission form and terms
Papers must be submitted electronically, in *.doc or *.docx format, by sending an e-mail with the subject “Paper for Linguistica Lettica” (for articles of the XII International Congress of Baltists – “Congress of Baltists”) to If several fonts are used in the paper, the manuscript must be additionally submitted in *.pdf format.
All submissions should conform to the formatting requirements of the American Psychological Association (APA).
If the author of the paper is a student, the paper must be accompanied by an officially signed permission letter from the student’s supervisor, confirming the scientific and technical quality of the article.
The deadline for the submission of papers is May 22, 2023.

1.3 Attachments and information about the author
Images, graphs, charts, and other illustrative materials must be sent separately. Images must be in black and white with a resolution of at least 300 pixels and must be sent in *.jpg or *.tif format.
The following information about the author(s) must be provided: name, surname, scientific degree, affiliation, and contact information (mail and e-mail address).

Paper length is up to 45,000 characters (including spaces). Summary length is up to 2,000 characters. Longer papers are possible only in special cases, with the permission of the editorial board.

2.1 Text and page formatting
The text should be prepared in Times New Roman 12-point font, 1.5-spacing between the lines; the summary, annotations, keywords, and reference list, in Times New Roman 11-point font; single-spacing between the lines, 1.25 cm paragraph offset. Page setup: 2.5 cm right and left; 2.5 cm top and bottom.

2.2 Structure
The structure of a paper must consist of the following:

    • title
    • summary,
    • 4-8 keywords,
    • main body (introduction, sections, subsections, and conclusions),
    • list of abbreviations (if necessary),
    • list of sources (if necessary),
    • references.

The paper must have clearly defined goal and logical conclusions to be drawn from the study.
The main body must have a coherent structure with successive parts: introduction, sections, subsections, and conclusions. All titles should be written from the left side of the page. It is desirable to structure the subsections into no more than three levels.

2.3 Language examples
All examples in the paper should be in italics. Explanations of meanings should be given in single quotes (for example, deafness ‘dredging on the shore’). It is recommended to follow the rules of Leipzig Glossing.

2.4 Tables and images
Tables, charts, pictures, and other graphical information organizers should be numbered (for example, Table 1. Basic Terminology Principles). They must be in black and white and in *.jpg or *.tif format with a resolution of at least 300 pixels.
If the illustrative materials are not created by the author himself/herself, it is mandatory to add a reference naming the original source. The number and title of the image should be placed below the image, center-justified; the title of the table, above the table, center-justified.
The main body of the paper must include a reference to the inserted image, table, chart, etc.

2.5 Citations and references
Authors should anonymize their submissions by referring to themselves in the 3rd person, just like they do for all other references. E.g., instead of replacing their names with “the author,” they should say, “Warschauer (2010) showed that…,” and include the full citation in the references.
Upon first mention in the text, the full name and surname of the cited person must be written, while the initials and surname should be used in any repeated narrative citations. If several persons with the same surname are mentioned in the text, then the name and surname must be indicated each time.
Names and surnames written in Cyrillic must be transliterated (e.g. (Bondarko, 1999), (Knjazev, 2015)). When referring to a work published in Russian, the reference must be transliterated. Authors can use official online resources for transliteration:, Transliteration, and Leksilogos.
Quotes should be enclosed in quotation marks (for example, “Quote”).

Parenthetical and narrative citations and references should accord with international APA style. Common reference examples guide is available here.